Use virt-install to fully automate the install for CentOS/Fedora with kickstart

Here is my kickstart file for CentOS 7. I deploy VMs into my kvm environment with a oneliner, using this kickstart file.

How I use this

I define a variable, and plug it into the important parts.

vm=c7-04a ; time sudo virt-install -n "${vm}" --memory 2048 \
   --vcpus=1 --os-variant=centos7.0 --accelerate -v \
   --disk path=/var/lib/libvirt/images/"${vm}".qcow2,size=20 \
   -l /mnt/public/Support/SetupsBig/Linux/CentOS-7-x86_64-Minimal-1810.iso \
   --initrd-inject=/mnt/public/Support/Platforms/CentOS7/centos7-ks.cfg \
   --extra-args "ks=file:/centos7-ks.cfg SERVERNAME=${vm} NOTIFYEMAIL=bgstack15@gmail.com" \
   --debug --network type=bridge,source=br0 --noautoconsole

Some thoughts

I had to download the 1810 release of the iso, because there was something wrong with the repos or perhaps files in the previous isos, with how they interacted with either the virtual environment or the network or something. But the CentOS-7-x86_64-minimal-1810.iso was important.
I found the SERVERNAME trick on the Internet. You can iterate over /proc/cmdline and react to values you find there, in the %pre or %post scripts.
You will see that I use my own local repositories for the regular CentOS repos, and I add my own internal one (smith122/repo/rpm). Obviously you should find a suitable set of repos for your own.
You will also see that I attempt to download my CA certificates at various points. I’m pretty sure the %pre effort fails, because the system is not on the network yet.

Dependencies

The kickstart file

# File: /mnt/public/Support/Platforms/CentOS7/centos7-ks.cfg
# Locations:
#    /mnt/public/Support/Platforms/CentOS7/centos7-ks.cfg
# Author: bgstack15
# Startdate: 2017-06-02
# Title: Kickstart for CentOS 7 for ipa.smith122.com
# Purpose: To provide an easy installation for VMs and other systems in the Mersey network
# History:
#    2017-06 I learned how to use kickstart files for the RHCSA EX-200 exam
#    2017-08-08 Added notifyemail to --extra-args
#    2017-10-29 major revision to use local repository
#
#
#
#
# Usage with virt-install:
#    vm=c7-04a ; time sudo virt-install -n "${vm}" --memory 2048 --vcpus=1 --os-variant=centos7.0 --accelerate -v --disk path=/var/lib/libvirt/images/"${vm}".qcow2,size=20 -l /mnt/public/Support/SetupsBig/Linux/CentOS-7-x86_64-Minimal-1810.iso --initrd-inject=/mnt/public/Support/Platforms/CentOS7/centos7-ks.cfg --extra-args "ks=file:/centos7-ks.cfg SERVERNAME=${vm} NOTIFYEMAIL=bgstack15@gmail.com" --debug --network type=bridge,source=br0 --noautoconsole
#    vm=c7-04a; sudo virsh destroy "${vm}"; sudo virsh undefine --remove-all-storage "${vm}";
# Reference:
#    https://sysadmin.compxtreme.ro/automatically-set-the-hostname-during-kickstart-installation/
#    /mnt/public/Support/Platforms/CentOS7/install-vm.txt

#platform=x86, AMD64, or Intel EM64T
#version=DEVEL
# Install OS instead of upgrade
install
# Keyboard layouts
keyboard 'us'
# Root password
rootpw --plaintext SOMETHINGSTRONGHERE
# my user
user --groups=wheel --name=bgstack15-local --password=$6$.gh0u7vg2HDPJPX/$g4Y1l.q76fs7i0UK8t6h83bDIo2YnGGj/1DGeUzzbMTd0pBh4of6jNYWxxws/937sUiPgETqPsYFI5XNrkAle. --iscrypted --gecos="bgstack15-local"

# System language
lang en_US.UTF-8
# Firewall configuration
firewall --enabled --ssh
# Reboot after installation
reboot
# Network information
#attempting to put it in the included ks file that accepts hostname from the virsh command.
#network  --bootproto=dhcp --device=eth0 --ipv6=auto --activate
%include /tmp/network.ks
# System timezone
timezone America/New_York --utc
# System authorization information
auth  --useshadow  --passalgo=sha512
# Use network installation instead of CDROM installation media
url --url="http://www.ipa.smith122.com/mirror/centos/7/os/x86_64/"

# Use text mode install
text
# SELinux configuration
selinux --enforcing
# Do not configure the X Window System
skipx

# Use all local repositories
# Online repos
repo --name=smith122rpm --baseurl=https://www.ipa.smith122.com/smith122/repo/rpm/
repo --name=base --baseurl=https://www.ipa.smith122.com/mirror/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/
repo --name=updates --baseurl=https://www.ipa.smith122.com/mirror/centos/$releasever/updates/$basearch/
repo --name=extras --baseurl=https://www.ipa.smith122.com/mirror/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/
repo --name=epel --baseurl=https://www.ipa.smith122.com/mirror/fedora/epel/$releasever/$basearch

# Offline repos
#
#
#
#
#

firstboot --disabled

# System bootloader configuration
bootloader --location=mbr
# Partition clearing information
clearpart --all --initlabel
# Disk partitioning information
autopart --type=lvm

%pre
echo "network  --bootproto=dhcp --device=eth0 --ipv6=auto --activate --hostname renameme.ipa.smith122.com" > /tmp/network.ks
for x in $( cat /proc/cmdline );
do
   case $x in
      SERVERNAME*)
         eval $x
         echo "network  --bootproto=dhcp --device=eth0 --ipv6=auto --activate --hostname ${SERVERNAME}.ipa.smith122.com" > /tmp/network.ks
         ;;
      NOTIFYEMAIL*)
         eval $x
         echo "${NOTIFYEMAIL}" > /mnt/sysroot/root/notifyemail.txt
         ;;
   esac
done
cp -p /run/install/repo/ca-ipa.smith122.com.crt /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/anchors/ 2>/dev/null || :
wget http://www.ipa.smith122.com/smith122/certs/ca-ipa.smith122.com.crt -O /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/anchors/ca-ipa.smith122-wget.com.crt || :
update-ca-trust || :
%end

%post
(
   # Set temporary hostname
   #hostnamectl set-hostname renameme.ipa.smith122.com;

   # Get local mirror root ca certificate
   wget http://www.ipa.smith122.com/smith122/certs/ca-ipa.smith122.com.crt -O /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/anchors/ca-ipa.smith122.com.crt && update-ca-trust

   # Get local mirror repositories
   wget https://www.ipa.smith122.com/smith122/repo/rpm/smith122rpm.repo -O /etc/yum.repos.d/smith122rpm.repo;
   wget http://www.ipa.smith122.com/smith122/repo/rpm/smith122rpm.mirrorlist -O /etc/yum.repos.d/smith122rpm.mirrorlist
   distro=centos7 ; wget https://www.ipa.smith122.com/smith122/repo/mirror/smith122-bundle-${distro}.repo -O /etc/yum.repos.d/smith122-bundle-${distro}.repo && grep -oP "(? /boot/grub2/grub.cfg

   # postfix is already started by default on centos7
   # Send IP address to myself
   thisip="$( ifconfig 2>/dev/null | awk '/Bcast|broadcast/{print $2}' | tr -cd '[^0-9\.\n]' | head -n1 )"
   {
      echo "${SERVER} has IP ${thisip}."
      echo "system finished kickstart at $( date "+%Y-%m-%d %T" )";
   } | /usr/share/bgscripts/send.sh -f "root@$( hostname --fqdn )" \
      -h -s "${SERVER} is ${thisip}" $( cat /root/notifyemail.txt 2>/dev/null )

   # No changes to graphical boot
   #

   # fix the mkhomedir problem
   systemctl enable oddjobd.service && systemctl start oddjobd.service

   # Personal customizations
   mkdir -p /mnt/bgstack15 /mnt/public
   su bgstack15-local -c "sudo /usr/share/bgconf/bgconf.py"

) >> /root/install.log 2>&1
%end

%packages
@core
@^minimal
autossh
bc
bgconf
bgscripts-core
bind-utils
cifs-utils
cryptsetup
dosfstools
epel-release
expect
firewalld
git
iotop
ipa-client
-iwl*-firmware
mailx
man
mlocate
net-tools
nfs-utils
ntp
p7zip
parted
policycoreutils-python
rpm-build
rsync
screen
strace
sysstat
tcpdump
telnet
vim
wget
yum-utils
%end

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